Multiple Sclerosis, commonly referred to as MS, is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. It is estimated that over 2.3 million people worldwide are affected by MS, with a higher prevalence in women than in men.

In MS, the immune system mistakenly attacks the protective covering of nerve fibers called myelin, resulting in inflammation and damage to the nerve fibers themselves. This damage can cause a variety of symptoms, including fatigue, difficulty with coordination and balance, weakness, numbness, tingling, vision problems, and cognitive impairment.

MS is a progressive disease, meaning that symptoms can worsen over time, and it can be unpredictable in its course. Some individuals may experience periodic episodes of symptoms, while others may experience a gradual decline in function. While there is no cure for MS, there are several treatments available that can help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.

Diagnosis of MS can be challenging, as symptoms can vary widely from person to person, and there is no single definitive test for the disease. Doctors often use a combination of clinical history, physical exam, and imaging tests to make a diagnosis.

Living with MS can be challenging, both physically and emotionally. However, with proper management and support, many people with MS are able to live full and active lives. It is important for individuals with MS to work closely with their healthcare providers to manage their symptoms and develop a treatment plan that is tailored to their individual needs.